Sunday, 10 June 2018

Daily Reasoning Quiz - 11th June 2018

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the question given below.

Eight persons M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T are seated in a row, some of them are facing towards north direction and some of them are facing towards south direction also they like different colours i.e. Grey, White, Blue, Yellow, Black, Green, Purple and Orange (not necessarily in same order).
S sits fourth to the right of M who is facing north direction. O sits fourth to the right of the one who likes yellow. There are only four persons sit between N and the one who likes green. T likes black and sits second to the left of S. R sits second to the right of M. O and P facing same direction but opposite to N. Q, who likes orange is an immediate neighbour of S and does not face south. There are only two persons sit between S and N who is not an immediate neighbor of M. N is facing north. The one who likes white facing north and sits fourth to the right of the one who likes purple. T faces opposite direction to R, who faces same as Q. The one who likes grey is an immediate neighbour of the one who likes black.

Q1. Who among the following likes blue colour?
(a) T
(b) N
(c) O
(d) R
(e) P

Q2. Who among the following sits immediate right of the one who likes green colour?
(a) S
(b) Q
(c) the one who like white colour
(d) T
(e) N

Q3. Who among the following likes purple colour?
(a) T
(b) S
(c) Q
(d) P
(e) O

Q4. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence they form a group. Which one of the following does not belong to that group?
(a) P
(b) T
(c) S
(d) M
(e) O

Q5. Who among the following sits third to the right of the one who likes yellow colour?
(a) the one who like grey colour
(b) Q
(c) the one who like green colour
(d) S
(e) T
Solutions (1-5):
(i) By using the conditions, S sits fourth to the right of M who is facing north side. R sits second to the right of M. There are only two persons sit between S and N who is not an immediate neighbor of M. N is facing north. There are only four persons sit between N and the one who likes green. T likes black sit second to the left of S.

(ii) Q, who likes orange is an immediate neighbour of S and does not face south, so Q can sit either immediate left or right of S. T faces opposite direction to R, who faces same as Q, so R faces north and T faces south.

(iii) O and P facing same direction but opposite to N, so O and P face south. The one who likes grey is an immediate neighbour of the one who likes black, in case 1 N likes grey but in case 2 it will not fix. O sits fourth to the right of the one who likes yellow, from this case 1 will be eliminated because no place is left for O.
(iv) Case 2 will be continued, in case 2 O is an immediate neighbour of M and P likes yellow. N likes grey. The one who likes white is facing north and sits fourth to the right of the one who likes purple, So M likes white and S likes purple. Rest O likes blue.

S1. Ans.(c)
S2. Ans.(b)
S3. Ans.(b)
S4. Ans.(d)
S5. Ans.(c)

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.
Input: 17 school 29 hall 85 most 66 logical
Step 1: Most 17 school hall 85 66 logical 29
Step 2: Most logical school hall 85 66 29 17
Step 3: Most logical school hall 66 29 17 85
Step 4: Most logical school hall 29 17 85 66
And step 4 is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

INPUT: 23 title 37 bag 58 building 36 hello

Q6. Which element is exactly between the fourth from left and third from right in step 4?
(a) bag
(b) 23
(c) 58
(d) 37
(e) None of these

Q7. Which step number would be the following output?
“Title building hello bag 36 37 23 58”
(a) Step 3
(b) Step 4
(c) Step 1
(d) Step 2
(e) None of the Above

Q8. What is the position of ‘36’ in the step3?
(a) Seventh from the right
(b) Sixth from the left
(c) Fourth from the right
(d) Fourth from the left
(e) None of these

Q9. In step 2, what is the sum of 4th element and 7th element from left end?
(a) 97
(b) 88
(c) 86
(d) 95
(e) None of these

Q10. Which of the following would be at the third position from the left end in step 4?
(a) hello
(b) bag
(c) 37
(d) 58
(e) None of these

Solutions (6-10):

Sol. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that
The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place value of 1st and 2nd letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order, first all prime numbers are arranged after that non-prime numbers are arranged.
INPUT: 23 title 37 bag 58 building 36 hello
Step 1: Title 23 bag 58 building 36 hello 37
Step 2: Title building bag 58 36 hello 37 23
Step 3: Title building hello bag 36 37 23 58
Step 4: Title building hello bag 37 23 58 36

S6. Ans.(d)
S7. Ans.(a)
S8. Ans.(c)
S9. Ans.(d)
S10. Ans.(a)