Tuesday, 15 December 2020



                 BITA (Banking Institute & TNPSC Academy)

                                                                                      14 December 2020



International Universal Health Coverage Day 2020 – December 12

  •    The United Nations (UN)’s International Universal Health Coverage Day(UHCDAY) is annually observed across the globe on 12th December to raise awareness about the need for a strong and resilient health system and universal health coverage with multi stakeholder partners.
  • The theme of International UHCDAY 2020 is Health for All: Protect Everyone,
  • At the events for the observance of UHCDAY 2020, WHO has launched a new Primary Health Care (PHC) Special Programme and the new UHC Compendium of Health Interventions.
  • The 2020 UHDC campaign will culminate in a 24 hour virtual rally on 12th december 2020 with ProtectEveryone.

About World Health Organisation(WHO):

                                                      Director-general– Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus

                                   Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland

International Day of Neutrality 2020 – December 12

  • The United Nations (UN)’s International Day of Neutrality is annually observed across the globe on 12th December to promote neutrality among countries and to highlight the importance of peace and develop mutually benefiting relationships between countries.
  •  UNGA adopted the resolution “Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan” on 12th December 1995, it is the only Country in the world, which got the Permanent Neutrality from the United Nations.

About United Nations:

                                                        Secretary general– António Guterres

      Headquarters– New York, United States of America


India’s 1st LGBT+ Workplace Equality Index,’India Workplace Equality Index Top Employers 2020 Report’ launched by KSF, Pride Circle & Stonewall

  •  On December 10, 2020, India’s 1st LGBT + (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans +) Workplace Equality Index, “India Workplace Equality Index Top Employers 2020 Report” based on the India Workplace Equality Index (IWEI) Index was launched virtually by KSF (Keshav Suri Foundation), Pride Circle, Stonewall & FICCI (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry)..
  •  In September 2018, Supreme Court of India abolished Section 377, which decriminalized homosexuality in India.

India Workplace Equality Index Top Employers 2020 Report:

  •     The Index is based on 9 Criterias – Policies & Benefits, Employee Lifecycle, Employee Network Group, Allies and Role Models, Senior Leadership, Monitoring, Procurement, Community Engagement and Additional work.
  • Based on the IWEI Index, Employers are given a score and are celebrated as either Gold, Silver or Bronze IWEI Top Employers.

About Keshav Suri Foundation (KSF):

                   Chairperson & Managing Director – Jyotsna Suri



A.K. Singh CMD of NHPC, lays foundation stone of head regulator works for Indo- Nepal Link Cana

  • On 8th December, 2020 The Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of NHPC limited,A.K. Singh, has laid foundation stone of head regulator works of Indo-Nepal Link Canal at Barrage of 94.2 MW Tanakpur Power Station of NHPC at Uttarakhand.
  •  This project is constructed under the “Mahakali Treaty” signed between India and Nepal.
  • The Indo-Nepal Link Canal is 1.2 Km long Canal. 
  • About Nepal:

      Capital- Kathmandu

      President- Bidya Devi Bhandari

      Prime Minister- K. P. Sharma Oli

DCGI Gives Approval for HGCO19, India’s 1st Indigenous mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate to Initiate Human Clinical Trials

  •    On December 11, 2020 Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) gave approval for India’s 1st indigenous messenger Ribonucleic acid(mRNA) vaccine candidate, HGCO19 to initiate Phase I/II human clinical trials.
  •    It was developed by Gennova Biopharmaceuticals Ltd in collaboration with HDT Biotech Corporation, Seattle, USA.

About Gennova’s candidate vaccine:

  •    HGCO19 uses the most prominent mutant of spike protein (D614G) and also uses the mRNA platform, that gives advantage of a low dosing regimen when compared with the non-replicating mRNA or traditional vaccines

About Gennova Biopharmaceuticals Ltd:

       Headquarter – Pune, Maharashtra

            Chairman – Mr. Satish Ramanlal Mehta.

PM Narendra Modi Addresses International Bharathi Festival 2020; Seeni Viswanathan Wins Bharathi Award 2020

  • On December 11, 2020 Prime Minister(PM) Narendra Modi addressed the International Bharathi Festival 2020 through video conferencing.
  •   The festival was organised by the Vanavil Cultural Centre to celebrate the 138th birth anniversary of Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathi, a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist and social reformer.

About Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathi:

  • Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathi(11 December 1882 – 11 September 1921) was a pioneer of modern Tamil poetry.He fought for the freedom of women, against child marriage, stood to reform Brahminism and religion. He was also in unity with Dalits and Muslims.
  • He worked as a journalist with many newspapers, including The Hindu.


1st India-Uzbekistan virtual summit Held; Co-chaired by Narendra Modi & Shavkat Mirziyoyev; 9 Agreements Inked

  • On December 11, 2020 the first bilateral virtual summit between India and Uzbekistan was co- chaired by Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi and President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev to discuss the entire gamut of bilateral relationship, including strengthening India-Uzbekistan cooperation in the post- COVID-19 world between both nations

About Uzbekistan:

         Capital– Tashkent

         Currency– Uzbekistani soʻm

About International North–South Transport Corridor (INSTC):

  •  INSTC project was initiated by Russia, India and Iran in September 2000 in St. Petersburg. The agreement was signed on 16th May 2002.
  • The International North–South Transport Corridor (INSTC) is the ship, rail, and road route for moving freight between India, Russia, Iran, Europe and Central Asia
  • The current members are India, Iran, Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Belarus, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Oman, Syria, Turkey, Ukraine, and Bulgaria (observer).2.17th International Inter-Ministerial Conference on South-South Cooperation in Population and Development held Virtually; Harsh Vardhan Participated

schaemic Heart Disease is the Top Cause of Death at the Global level from 2000-19: WHO’s 2019 Global Health Estimates

  •  According to the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 2019 Global Health Estimates, Ischaemic Heart Disease remained the Top Cause of death at the Global level over the period 2000-19, it is responsible for 16% of World’s total deaths.
  • The study has also stated that Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) constitute 7 of the World’s  Top 10 causes of death

Key Points:

  •   Lower Respiratory infections are the world’s deadliest communicable disease. Women are most affected by Alzheimer and other forms of dementia, 65% of deaths from Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia are women.
  •   Diabetes is the 9th Top Cause of Deaths over the period 2000-19 (an increase of 70% from 2000). It accounted for the largest deaths among male.
  • Deaths due to HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Viruses/Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome) have fallen by 51%, as a result it has moved to 19th Leading cause of death in 2019 from 8th in 2000.
  •   Kidney diseases have increased globally; as a result, it has emerged as the 10th Leading Cause of death..

About WHO

                             Director General – Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (Ethiopia

                               Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland

The 5th Round of Foreign Office Consultations held virtually between India & Cyprus

  • On December 11, 2020, The 5th Round of Foreign Office Consultations (FOCs) was held virtually between India & Cyprus.
  •   Neeta Bhushan, Joint Secretary (Central Europe) led the Indian side and Thessalia Salina Shambos, Political Director, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Republic of Cyprus led the Cypriot side.

About Cyprus:

      President – Nicos Anastasiades

      Capital – Nicosia

      Currency – Euro

  •    India is organizing a series of webinars with friendly foreign countries to boost defence exports and to achieve the defence export target of $5 billion in the next five years
  •    In this regard, on December 8, 2020, the first webinar between India and Brazil was held on the theme “Indian Defence Industry Global Outreach for Collaborative Partnership: Webinar and Expo”.

About Society of Indian Defence Manufacturers (SIDM):

      President– Jayant D Patil

      Headquarter– New Delhi

India, Qatar set up task force to identify projects for investment

  •  On December 11, 2020, India and Qatar have decided to set up a task force on Energy, to identify specific projects in India’s energy sector for investments by Qatar.
  •   It was informed by Union Minister Dharmendra Debendra Pradhan, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

About Qatar:

            Capital– Doha

      Currency– Qatari Riyal

      Emir– Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani

Union Minister Harsh Vardhan virtually addresses World Bank Inter Ministerial Meeting on Vaccination of South Asia against COVID-19

  •    On December 10, 2020 Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare virtually addressed the World Bank Inter Ministerial Meeting on Vaccination of South Asia against COVID-19.

About Ministry of Health and Family Welfare:

 Union Minister – Dr Harsh Vardhan

  Minister of state:AshwiniKumarChoubey

About World Bank:

      President- David R. Malpass

      Headquarters- Washington, D.C., United States



DBS Bank India Partners with Haqdarshak to Help Indian MSME to Recover from COVID-19 Pandemic

  •  On December 11, 2020 DBS Bank India Ltd. (DBIL) partnered with Haqdarshak Empowerment Solutions Private Limited to help Indian MSMEs(Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) to recover from COVID-19 pandemic.
  • This aid will happen through the newly launched Haqdarshak MSME platform.
  •    The platform helps India’s enterprises to access MSME-focused government welfare schemes, covering registrations, documentation and applications for financing across India.


Dr. Carolina Araujo of Brazil Becomes 1st Non-Indian to Win Ramanujan Prize for Young Mathematicians 2020 from Developing Countries

  •   On 9th December 2020, Dr. Carolina Araujo, Brazilian Mathematician from the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IMPA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil was named as the winner of Ramanujan Prize for Young Mathematicians 2020 from developing countries in a virtual ceremony.
  • She is the 1st non-Indian women mathematician to receive this prize. The Prize carries a cash award of USD 15,000

About The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP):

      Director– Atish Dabholkar(50th director)

      Headquarters: Trieste,Italy

 InternationalMathematical union

      President– Prof. Carlos Kenig

      IMU Secretariat– Berlin, Germany


                                                                      SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

China becomes 2nd country to Plant its National Flag on Moon

  •   China’s Chang’e-5 probe planted the Chinese National Flag on the Moon’s Surface.
  •   The United States was the first country to plant its National Flag on the Lunar surface during the manned Apollo 11 mission in 1969.
  •    Chang’e-5 planted the flag before starting on its return journey from the moon.
  •    It is carrying China’s first Lunar Samples.

                                                 STATE NEWS

Union Minister Nitin Gadkari Inaugurates 3 lane 1.5 Km long Koilwar bridge over Sone river in Bihar

  •     On 10th December, 2020 Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari inaugurated the Rs.266 crore 3 lane 1.5 km long Koilwar Bridge over Sone river in Bihar through video conferencing.
  •   Construction of the 6 lane Bridge to connect Bihar and Uttar Pradesh       through road

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