Tuesday, 29 May 2018

UPSC Exam


UPSC Exam

Eligibility Criteria Nationality:
Candidate must be a citizen of India Candidate must be a citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan Candidate must be a Tibetan Refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962, to be settled permanently in India Candidate must be person of Indian Origin who has migrated from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaire, or Zambia with an intention of permanently settling in India

Educational Qualification:

Candidate applying for civil service exams is required to fulfill the following criteria:
Candidate must hold a Bachelor's Degree from any of the recognized universities Candidates who have appeared for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results or those who are yet to appear for the qualifying examination are also eligible for the Preliminary Examination. Such candidates have to produce proof of passing the said examination along with the application for the Main Examination Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government or its equivalent are also eligible to apply Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination. However, they must submit a certificate from the concerned University that they have passed the final professional medical examination

Age Limit :
A candidate should be minimum of 21 years and maximum 32 years old as on  August 01, 2018. But he/she must have been born not earlier than August 02, 1986 and not later than August 01, 1997. Necessary action will take to make corresponding changes in respective Rules/Regulations pertaining to various services. The upper age limit prescribed above is relaxable for the following candidates: 5 Years - Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) 3 Years - Other Backward Classes (OBC) 3 Years - Defence Services personnel 5 Years - ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years Military Service as on August 01, 2018 5 Years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs 10 Years - Blind, deaf-mute, and orthopedically handicapped persons 5 Years -  In the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1st August, 2018 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months’ notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment Number of attempts: Restriction on the maximum number of attempts is effective since 1984: For General Candidates: 7 attempts (Up to 32 Years) Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Candidates (SC/ST): No Limits (Up to 37 Years) Other Backward Classes (OBC): 9 attempts (Up to 35 Years) Physically handicapped- 9 attempts for general and OBC, while unlimited for SC/ST

STAGES IN CIVIL SERVICES EXAM

Stage I
A preliminary examination or CSAT (Objective Section) consisting of two objective-type papers (general studies and aptitude test).

Stage II
A main examination is subjective section, consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay)
After having understood the UPSC exam pattern, one needs to know the UPSC Syllabus, in order to start the preparation for UPSC Civil Services.
Interview After these two stages there is a Personality Test which is mostly conducted in months of March and April. Final result comes out in May/ June. One needs do focused preparation for UPSC Interview in order to crack the UPSC interview or IAS interview (also known as per UPSC Notification 2018 sonality test).
UPSC Syllabus 2018 for Prelims and Mains – UPSC Civil Services Exam, which is popularly known as IAS (Indian Administrative Services) examination, is one of the toughest and prestigious examinations conducted in India by UPSC. Every year around 5 lakh candidates appear for prelims, out of which only 15000 qualifies for mains, then these 15000 appears for mains and at the end only around 1000 candidates known to crack highly dignified civil services exam.This data justifies the opening statement of this article, only 0.2% makes it in the end, tough but not impossible. Here you can get all the details regarding UPSC Syllabus 2018, or IAS Syllabus for Prelims and Mains. Basically, UPSC conducts civil services exam in three phrases.

UPSC Syllabus 2018 PHASE 1: PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test is the first phase of a preliminary examination of UPSC. This test basically helps in finding the individual ability of thinking in ‘Reasoning and Analytics’. IAS prelims exam is consists of two paper of objective type. The Following table is about UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test is the first phase of a preliminary examination of UPSC. This test basically helps in finding the individual ability of thinking in ‘Reasoning and Analytics’. IAS prelims exam is consists of two paper of objective type. The Following table is about UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern
Paper
Subjects
Questions
Total marks
Duration
I
General studies
(this is qualifying paper for mains examination)
100
200
2 hours
II
Aptitude skills
(this paper is also qualifying but person has to score at least 33% marks)
80
200
2 hours

UPSC SYLLABUS 2018 FOR PAPER I

  1. Current events of national and international importance.
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement.
  3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization General Science
UPSC SYLLABUS 2018 FOR PAPER II
  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  4. Decision-making and problem solving
  5. General mental ability
  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

UPSC Syllabus 2018 PHASE II: MAINS EXAMINATION (1750 marks)

The phase II examination helps in finding the individual ability to represent things in an understandable way. The UPSC mains Examination intent is to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their knowledge and memory.
The IAS exam consists of 9 papers out of which 2 papers of 300 marks are qualifying in nature and marks of these both paper is not counted in final total
  • Any Indian language
  • English
Paper – A
Language -300 Marks
(Candidate can take any Modern Indian language but this paper is of qualifying nature)
Paper – B
English -300 Marks
(This paper is of qualifying nature)
Paper – I
Essay – 250 Marks
(Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice)
Paper-II
General Studies-I 250 Marks
(Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society)
Paper-III
General Studies -II: 250 Marks
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
Paper-IV
General Studies -III 250 Marks
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Paper-V
General Studies -IV 250 Marks
(Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)
Marks carried by General Studies papers are 4X 250=1000
Paper-VI
Optional Subject – Paper 1 -250 Marks
Paper-VII
Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks
(Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the condition of having it at the graduation level.”)
Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks
Marks of English and Language will not be counted in the total tally of marks for the written exam. So the total of the Mains exam will be 1750 Marks Only.

PAPER 1: ESSAY (250)

However, Essay writing is an important part of UPSC Syllabus 2018 for mains exam. Candidates are given a topic to write an essay on that specified topic. The essay will be checked on the person’s ideas related to that topic, clarity of thoughts, creativeness, and grammatical mistakes and also on the effectiveness of ideas.

PAPER 2: GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 (250 MARKS)

  1. When we talk about UPSC Syllabus 2018 mains, General Studies is very important. Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society form the key aspects of it.
  2. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  3. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  4. The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  5. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  6. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  7. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  8. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  9. Effects of globalization on Indian society
  10. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  11. Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  12. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  13. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

PAPER 3: GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-II (250 MARKS)
  1. Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
  2. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  3. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  4. Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  5. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  6. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  7. Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  8. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  9. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  10. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  11. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  12. Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  13. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  14. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  15. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  16. Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  17. Role of civil services in a democracy.
  18. India and its neighborhood- relations.
  19. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  20. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  21. Important International institutions, agencies, and for- their structure, mandate. 

PAPER 4: GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 3 (250 MARKS)

  1. Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  2. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
  3. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  4. Government Budgeting.
  5. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  6. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  7. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  8. Land reforms in India.
  9. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  10. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  11. Investment models.
  12. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  13. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  14. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  15. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  16. Disaster and disaster management.
  17. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  18. Role of external state and nonstate actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  19. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  20. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  21. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

PAPER 5: GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 4 (250 MARKS)

  1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  2. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  3. Aptitude and foundational values of Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  4. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  5. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  6. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  7. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  8. Case Studies on above issues.

PAPER 6 AND 7 (250 MARKS)

Optional 1 (Of your choice)/ Optional 2 (Of your choice)
Candidates can choose any optional from the subjects, which are given below:
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology



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